The amount of arrival of agricultural develop in Maharashtra’s Agriculture Produce Internet marketing Committees (APMC) was minimized to 174.90 lakh MT in 2020-21 from 214.70 lakh MT in 2019-20. But the buying and selling on e-NAM is attaining roots gradually with 118 APMCs joining the Digital Countrywide Agriculture Sector (e-NAM).
Maharashtra has 306 APMCs and 623 sub yards. The number of direct marketing and advertising licenses issued up to January 2022 was 1,400.
The Financial Survey of Maharashtra 2021-22 reveals that in 2018-19 about 207 lakh MT agricultural develop valued at ₹49,100 crore arrived in APMCs. The upcoming calendar year, in 2019-20, the arrival of agriculture create was 214.70 lakh MT at the value of ₹57,936 crore. In 2020-21, 174.90 lakh MT agricultural produce arrived at AMPCs. The price of this deliver is pegged at ₹50,795 crore.
Shetkari Sanghatana leaders say that in the course of the Covid-19 pandemic, many APMCs remained closed and farmers opted for immediate sale of their develop to individuals.
“In 2020-21, for the duration of the pandemic ensued lockdowns, the functioning of APMCs was affected. Farmers located their possess approaches to access people and dependency on APMCs lessened all through this time,” suggests farmer chief Anil Ghanwat.
The Office of Agricultural Promoting has established theAPMC below the Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing and advertising (Enhancement and Regulation) Act, 1963.
The APMCs were being established to deliver infrastructure for the sale of agricultural develop so that farmers get the satisfactory value of their agricultural deliver and are secured from exploitation by traders and middlemen by providing small selling prices.
However, farmers have been alleging that the APMCs are dominated by traders, middlemen with the aid of politicians and have turned it into farmers’ exploitation centres.
e-NAM, a pan-India digital trading portal, can help to specifically link APMC mandis which can be accessed on the internet. This delivers a one-window company for all APMC linked information companies which include info on commodity arrivals and selling prices, acquire and sell trade offers, provision to react to trade delivers.
“An on the net market place facility decreases transaction prices and info asymmetry. All 118 APMCs in the State have been involved under e-NAM. On-line gate entry, e-auction have been started out in 118 APMCs, and e-payment has been started off in 76 APMCs,” the Economic Survey claimed.
Up to January 2022, 300 lakh MT of grains amounting to ₹7,275 crore have been e-auctioned and e-payment of ₹196 crore has been completed. High-quality assaying laboratories have been established in 117 APMCs to assess and certify the quality of agricultural generate. Apart from APMCs, the Point out govt has issued licenses to 68 private marketplaces.
March 14, 2022